Because of its large size and varied landscapes, travellers tend to explore Turkey one region at a time. Most begin in the Marmara region to explore Istanbul’s Byzantine and Ottoman architecture and culture.
On the slopes of Mount Olympus is Bursa, one of the greenest cities in all of Turkey. But others head straight for Turkey’s Aegean side, dropping anchor in seaside hot spots like Bodrum and Ephesus.
Central Anatolia is where you find the robust capital city of Ankara, and many beautiful archeological sites, like the Hittite and Phrygian ruins. The part of Turkey that boarders the Black Sea, where you find lovely towns like Trabzon and Ordu, is mostly forested and the beaches are far less crowded and over developed with resorts than those in the south.
The towns of Mersin and Antalya skirt along Turkey’s Mediterranean coast, where the waters are turquoise and the ruins of Greek and Roman towns can be found nearly everywhere. Southeast Anatolia is dry and barren, home to industrial cities like Gaziantep. This region has some interesting archaeological sights, though its cities pale in comparison to Ankara and Istanbul.